What is Archaeology? From the Society for American Archaeology (SAA)
What are Artifacts?



COD LIBRARY CATALOG: Books and Videos in the COD Library only

Outline of the Library of Congress Classification System (what C.O.D. uses to arrange its books)
The Call Letter area for books on general archaeology is CC. Other books about archaeology in specific locations may be found under the call numbers for that area.
I-SHARE (formerly Illinet Online): Get books from over 80 Illinois academic libraries
Interlibrary Loan, to get books and journal articles from other libraries around the country.


Print Journals in the Current Periodicals section on the Lower Level:
American Journal of Archaeology, Archaeology, Biblical Archaeology Review, Current Archaeology

You must have a valid College of DuPage library card to access the electronic indexes and databases from off-campus.

Anthrosource. This provides citations and texts for articles in the professional journals and newsletters of the American Anthropological Association. Look at the top right side for the journal citation search feature. Those who are members of the AAA can log in and retrieve the full-text of the articles.

Academic OneFile (formerly Expanded Academic Index ASAP). An index to over 2500 magazines and journals covering a variety of topic areas including anthropology. This database provides references, abstracts, and many times the full-text of articles. A COD library card is required for off-campus use.

Academic Search Premier/Complete. [EBSCOhost]1984 to present; 1990 to present- full text). Abstracts from nearly 3000 journals and full text for 1250 journals including general reference, education, social sciences, humanities, general science, multi-cultural studies, library and information science. A COD library card is required for off-campus use.

The American Museum of Natural History Publications, full-text online. The free site has the contents of the following publications: American Museum Novitates, Anthropological Papers of the American Musuem of Natural History, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, and the Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History.

CultureGrams Culturegrams is a core reference resource on understanding the world's peoples through the documentation of the unique details of their customs, traditions, and daily life.

SocIndex with Full-Text articles. The database features more than 1,700,000 records with subject headings from a 15,600 term sociological thesaurus designed by subject experts and expert lexicographers. This product also contains informative abstracts for more than 740 "core" coverage journals dating as far back as 1895. In addition, this database provides data mined from more than 540 "priority" coverage journals as well as from over 2,800 "selective" coverage journals. Further, extensive indexing for books/monographs, conference papers, and other content sources is included.


The Annual Review of Anthropology. Index of citations only. The paper copies are in the Library's General circulating collection with the call number of: GN 1 .A 623, from volume 1 on. Some full-text articles are also available in the Academic Search Complete database in the previous section of this list of databases.

The Anthropological Index of the Royal Anthropological Institute. This is a free index of citations, but there are no full-text articles connected to the citations. No COD Library Card needed for this service.

Anthropology Book Reviews database (ARD).

Google Scholar. This provides access to many free full-text articles, as well as citations to many other articles.

Handbook of Latin American Studies. Citations-only database from the U.S. Library of Congress.

JSTOR: Scholarly Journals Archive of Older Issues.

Latin American Periodicals Tables of Contents (LAPTOC). No full-text articles.

Open Access Journals Directory (free full-text journal articles)

Project MUSE. An archive of older articles from scholarly journals.


Common Ground. Full-text journal from the U.S. National Park Service (NPS).

CRM (Cultural Resource Management): The Journal of Heritage Stewardship. Full-text free journal.

The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology. A free peer-reviewed journal.

Museum Anthropology Review. A free full-text online journal.

More COD Library journal and newspaper article databases.
Does the C.O.D. Library own the journal that I need?
Explanation of Scholarly Journals
Explanation of the Difference between Journals and Magazines.
How to Read a Research Study Article.


Native American Artifacts assignment





Why Reference Sources?

Is your research topic too big to cover in a short paper?  Is your topic so specific that sources will be hard to find?

Before you even begin your research, start the process with reference sources-- in the Library's Reference Section or online in our databases.  Reference books, like subject encyclopedias, can give you a head start and make your research easier in the long run.  Use reference sources to:

  • find a topic
  • narrow your topic
  • find keywords
  • get background information on your topic

Archaeological Excavation Dictionary. Reference CC 70 .K 536 2016
Archaeological Method and Theory: An Encyclopedia. Reference CC 75 .A 654 2000
Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia. Reference E 159.5 .A 68 2009
Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia. (2015)
Archaeology: The Key Concepts. Reference CC 165 .A 635 2005
Companion Encyclopedia of Archaeology. General CC 70 .C 59 1999
Dictionary of Archaeology. General CC 70 .D 53 1999
Dictionary of Artifacts. Reference CC 70 .K 55 2007
Dictionary of Concepts in Archaeology. Reference CC 70 .M 45 1993.
Directory of Archaeology Societies and Organizations.
Encyclopedia of Archaeology.
Encyclopedia of Archaeology: History and Discoveries . Ref. CC 100 .E 54 2001.
Encyclopedia of Caribbean Archaeology and Traditional Culture. Ref. F 1619 .S 38 2005
Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology: From Atlantis to the Walam Olum. Reference CC 70 .F 43 2010
Encyclopedia of Pre-Colonial Africa: Archaeology, History, Languages, Culture. General DT 2 .E 53 1997
Encyclopedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology. Reference CC 77 .U 5 E 53 1998.
The Great Archaeologists Reference CC 110 .G 737 2014
Illinois Archaeological Sites Directory: Places of the Past.
Key Concepts in Public Archaeology.
Milestones in Archaeology: A Chronological Encyclopedia. Reference CC 100 .M 87 2007
Mummies Around the World : An Encyclopedia of Mummies in History, Religion, and Popular Culture.
Oxford Companion to Archaeology. (2012)
Places of the Past: A Guidebook to Illinois Archaeological Sites.
Archeology Technical Briefs. Technical reports from the U.S. National Park Service (NPS).

Internet Sites

* About Archaeology.
* Anthropology/Archaeology/Social Science Resources from the Internet Public Library (IPL)
* Archaeological Images and Texts - Pictures of Record.
* Archaeology/Anthropology Resources.
* ArchNet: WWW Virtual Library of Archaeology. University of Arizona.
* National Archaeological Database. U.S. National Park Service (NPS).
* Society for American Archaeology.

Ancient Civilizations
(Byzantine Empire, Egypt, Greece, Mesopotamia, Rome, Western Hemisphere)

Ancient Astronomy : An Encyclopedia of Cosmologies and Myth. Ref. QB16 .R 84 2005
Ancient Europe 8000 B.C.--A.D. 1000 : Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World. Reference D 62 .A 52 2004
Ancient Man: A Handbook of Puzzling Artifacts. General GN 741 .A 52 1978
Atlas of Ancient Archaeology. General GN 739 .H 38 1974
Atlas of Classical History. Reference G 1033 .G 65 1994
Atlas of the Ancient Near East.
Atlas of the Ancient World. General G 1033 .O 5 1992
The Classical Tradition (an encyclopedia).
Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology. Reference BL1060 .L 44 1991
Dictionary of Classical Mythology. Reference BL 715 .G 713 1986
Encyclopedia of the Ancient World. Reference CB 311 .E 54 2002
Encyclopedia of Women in the Ancient World. (2001)
Imperial China: 627 - 1644. Reference DS 749.3 .I 46 2003
The Oxford Classical Dictionary. Reference DE 5 .O 9 2012
The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. Reference DE 5 .O 94 2014
The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Science in the Ancient World: An Encyclopedia. (2004)
Sports and Games of the Ancients. General GV 17 .C 73 2002
West African Kingdoms: 500 - 1590. Reference DT 476 .W 48 2004

Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire background reading
Daily Life in the Byzantine Empire. General DF 521 .R 37 2006
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium. (2012)
Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Reference DF 521 .O 93 1991
List of COD Library books on the Byzantine Empire

Ancient Egypt background reading
Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt. Reference DT 60 .B 34 2000
Daily Life of the Ancient Egyptians. (2008)
Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. Reference DT 58 .E 53 1999
Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt. General DT 83 .D 23 1998
The Nile: An Encyclopedia of Geography and Culture.
Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Reference DT 58 .O 94 2001
Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Egypt. General G 2491 .S 2 M 3 1996
Voices of Ancient Egypt : Contemporary Accounts of Daily Life. General DT 61 .V 65 2014

Ancient Greece background reading
Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia. Reference DE 5 .A 57 1998
Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Atlas Stand G 1033 .B 3 2000
Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Military and Social Encyclopedia.
Daily Life in the Hellenistic Age. General DE71 .E 98 2012
Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks. (2009)
Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. Reference DF 16 .E 52 2006
Greek and Roman Sport : A Dictionary of Athletes and Events from the Eighth Century B.C. to the Third Century A.D. General GV 17 .M 38 1991
Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece. General DF 77 .A 35 1997
Who's Who in Greek and Roman Mythology. General BL 715 .K 7 1976

Mesopotamia background reading
Ancient Mesopotamia: 3300-331 B.C.E. Reference DS 69.5 .W 35 2005
The Ancient Near East: An Encyclopedia for Students. Reference DS 57 .A 677 2000
Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East. Reference DS 69.5 .R 63 1990
Daily Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. General DS 69.5 .N 4 1998
Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology. Reference BL 1060 .L 44 1991
Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. General DS 69.5 .B 47 2002
Historical Atlas of Ancient Mesopotamia. General G 2251 .S 1 B 3 2004

All Things Julius Caesar: An Encyclopedia of Caesar's World and Legacy
Ancient Rome background reading
Artifacts from Ancient Rome. (2014)
Atlas of Ancient Rome. Reference DG 63 .A 85 2017
Atlas of the Roman World. General DG 77 .G 597 1982
Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Military and Social Encyclopedia.
Daily Life in Ancient Rome. General DG 78 .D 8713 1993
Daily Life in the Roman City. General DG 78 .A 53 2004
Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire. General DG 270 .B 86 1994
Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome. General DG 77 .A 35 1994
Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome. General G 1033 .S 28 1995a
The World of Ancient Rome : A Daily Life Encyclopedia. (2015)

Western Hemisphere
Library Research Guide on Mesoamerica
Archaeology of Ancient Mexico and Central America: An Encyclopedia. Reference F 1218.6 .A 73 2001
Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America : An Encyclopedia. Reference E 77.9 .A 72 1998
Atlas of Ancient America. Reference E 61 .C 66 1986
Daily Life in Peru under the Last Incas. General F 3429 .B 3843 D2 1962
Daily Life in the Incan Empire. General F 3429 .M 26 1996
Daily Life in the Mayan Civilization. General F 1435 .S 54 1996
Daily LIfe in Pre-Columbian Native America. General E 61 .C 74 2008
Daily Life of the Aztecs. General F 1219.73 .C 355 2011
Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesoamerica. General F 1219 .B 932 1996
Encyclopedia of the Ancient Maya. (2016)
Encyclopedia of the Incas. (2015)
Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World. General F 1435 .F 676 2002
Handbook to Life in the Aztec World. General F 1219.73 .A 35 2007
Historical Dictionary of Ancient Mesoamerica. (2012)
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures. Reference F 1218.6 .O 95 2001

Medieval Age/Celts/Vikings

The Society for Medieval Archaeology
Medieval Archaeology background reading
Medieval Archaeology in Europe background reading.
*List of books on daily life during the Medieval period.
List of books at the COD Library on Celtic culture.
List of books at the COD Library on Vikings.

*All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World. (2011)
*An Atlas for Celtic Studies : Archaeology and Names in Ancient Europe and Early Medieval Ireland, Britain, and Brittany. Reference CB 206 .K 634 2007
*An Atlas of Anglo-Saxon England. General G 1816 .S 2 1981
*Artifacts from Medieval Europe. General D 125 .T 73 2015
*Atlas of Medieval Europe. Reference G 1791 .M 2 2007
*Atlas of the Medieval World. Reference D 117 .M 35 2004
*Atlas of the Year 1000. General G 1034 .M 15 1999
*The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Reference DA 152 .B 58 1999
*Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. Reference CB 206 .C 45 2006
*Cultural Atlas of the Viking World. Reference DL 65 .C 84 1994
*Daily Life in Arthurian Britain. General DA 152.2 .S 528 2013
*Daily Life in Medieval Europe. General D119 .S 55 1999
*Daily Life in the Medieval Islamic World. General DS 36.855 .L 564 2005
*Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. General DR 432 .K 43 2011
*Daily Life in the World of Charlemagne. Genera lDC 33.2 .R 5413 1978
*Daily Life of the Vikings. General DL 65 .W 65 2004
*Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Reference D 114 .D 5 1982
*Early Peoples of Britain and Ireland. Reference DA 135 .E 27 2008
*Encyclopaedia of the Viking Age. Reference DL 65 .H 39 2000
*Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore. Reference BL 900 .M 66 2004
*The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Global Medieval Life and Culture. (2009)
*Medieval Archaeology journal. Volumes 1-50 available free online.
*Medieval Archaeology: An Encyclopedia. Reference D 125 .M 42 2001
*Medieval England: An Encyclopedia. Reference DA 129 .M 43 1998
*Medieval Europe, 814-1350. Reference D 102 .M 38 2002
*Medieval France: An Encyclopedia. Reference DC 33.2 .M 44 1995
*Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia. (2001)
*Medieval Iberia: An Encyclopedia. (2003)
*Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Reference DS 36.85 .M 434 2006
*Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia. Reference DG 443 .M 43 2004
*Medieval Jewish Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Reference DS 124 .M 386 2003
*Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Reference DF 521 .O 93 1991
*Sports and Games of Medieval Cultures. General GV 1200 .W 55 2002

Research Methods

Citing Your Sources

Background Readings
Archaeology and Garbage
Dating Techniques

Archaeological Theory: An Introduction.
Archaeological Thinking: How to Make Sense of the Past. General CC 83 .O 77 2015
Archaeology in Practice: A Student Guide. General CC 75 .A 657 2006
Archaeology: Original Readings in Method and Practice. General CC 75 .A 658 2002
Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice. General CC 165 .R 46 2012
Community-Based Archaeology : Research With, By, and For Indigenous and Local Communities.
Writing Material Culture History. General GN 406 .W 74 2015

Research Today: Archaeologists, Researching the Past (evideo)