Debra J. Kakuk Smith

EMT & Paramedic Research Guide

paramedic28107091003_d283d7d0dd_m.jpg

This guide is a starting point for locating EMT and Paramedic-related books, videos, journal articles, images and credible websites. Use the tabs below and the menu on the right to research, locate, evaluate and cite resources.

If you need additional help, stop by one of our Reference Desks or contact a reference librarian.

  1. Books, Videos & Models
  2. Articles & Databases
  3. Websites
  4. Citing

Use the Library catalog to search the COD Library's collection of books, videos, e-books, and streaming media. Use your COD Library card to check these items out or access them online.

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Browsing the Collection

Search the Library catalog for relevant EMT/Paramedic topics such as: Anatomy; Ambulance drivers; Emergency medical personnel; Emergency medical services; Emergency medical technicians, Emergency medicine; Medical emergencies, Pediatric emergencies; Physiology; or Rescue work.

Need help searching our Library Catalog?
Watch this 2 minute Library Simple: Find Library Items Using the Catalog--YouTube Video

Another strategy is to search by call number. Health-related materials are shelved in the "R" section of libraries that use the Library of Congress classification system. EMT/Paramedic books are located in the following call number ranges: RA 645.5 - 645.9 Emergency Medical Services and RC 86 - 88.9 Medical Emergencies, Critical Care, Intensive Care, First Aid.

Reference Materials

Reference materials are well indexed, up-to-date, concise, and highly credible. They provide overviews, definitions, specific information (such as causes & symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, prognosis, etc) or addresses. Types of reference books include: directories, dictionaries and encyclopedias, basic health books (describing diseases and conditions), and drug resources. Since you cannot normally take these materials home, remember that you will have to photocopy, or write down the information that you need. Some reference materials are available full text, online via our databases. Below are some examples of the types of reference books found in the C.O.D. reference collection.

Some of these resources are designed for consumers (such as the Johns Hopkins or Mayo Clinic health books), some for health students and consumers (the Gale Encyclopedia series), and some for health professionals (Cecil or Harrison's), so the type and level of information differs to suit each audience. Some reference works are available in Spanish language versions.

small yellow star.jpgReference Best Bets

Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary
REF R 121.D73 2012 (Ready Reference--located at our reference desks)

small yellow star.jpgGale Encyclopedia of Medicine
ONLINE ACCESS to Gale Virtual Reference Library*
* This link will allow you to simultaneously search all of the medical-related Gale Encyclopedias available in the Gale Virtual Reference Library database

Merriam-Webster Online Medical Dictionary (select medical reference, includes audio pronunciations)

Goldman's Cecil Medicine
REF RC46 .C423

Conn's Current Therapy
REF RM101 .C87

Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment
REF RC71 .A14

Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine
REF RC46 .H333

small yellow star.jpgNancy Caroline's emergency care in the streets
REF RC86.7 .A44 2018

Physical Examination & Health Assessment
REF RC76

small yellow star.jpgSanders' Paramedic Textbook
REF RC86.7 .S26 2019

Streaming Videos

You must have a valid College of DuPage library card to access these video databases from off-campus.

Click here for a complete list of our COD Library Online Video Databases

A few recommended databases include:

Academic Video Online
a collection of full-length streaming videos. A wide-range of disciplines are included. Most useful to EMT/Paramedics is the Health & Health Care collection. Also included in the subscription are full transcripts of each video program that are keyword searchable, easy playlist and clip making functionality, permanent embeddable URLs for easy use in online courses.

Nursing Education in Video
Nursing Education in Video is an online collection of videos created specifically for the education and training of nurses, nursing assistants, and other healthcare workers. All of the videos in the collection have been created with the guidance of the Medcom-Trainex advisory board, and are regularly reviewed for accuracy, currency, and compliance with US Federal regulations from agencies such as OSHA and CMS.

Remember that additional DVDs, CD-ROMs and multimedia resources can be found by searching the COD Library catalog. Use your COD Library card to check these items out for in-library, home viewing, or online access (depending on availability).

Anatomical Models

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Anatomical Models are available at the Library circulation desk.

For even more assistance with anatomy & physiology, check out the COD Library's Anatomy & Physiology Research Guide!

Locating Journal Articles

The Library provides access to many online article databases that will help you locate journal, magazine, and newspaper articles. You can search by keyword, subject, author and title.

Databases are organized collections of information that you can search by a variety of fields, like title, author's name, subject or keyword. iTunes is a database and so is Amazon. The Library has databases of articles from newspapers, magazines and journals. We also have databases of streaming videos, music and e-books. The difference between our databases and iTunes or Amazon is that our databases are free for you to use. You can browse the library's databases here: Article Databases by Subject

You must have a valid College of DuPage library card to access the electronic indexes and databases from off-campus.

Newspaper Databases
Includes Chicago Tribune, New York Times, Christian Science Monitor, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal and more

Databases by Subject
Begin your research by selecting one of our Health and Medicine Databases

"Best Bet" Health Databases

Academic Search Complete
Academic Search Complete contains indexing and full text for 9,100 journals. 7,100 of these journals are peer-reviewed scholarly titles. This collection provides both popular and scholarly journal coverage for nearly all academic areas of study - including social sciences, humanities, education, computer sciences, engineering, physics, chemistry, language and linguistics, arts & literature, medical sciences and ethnic studies.

Care Notes
Care Notes helps medical professionals educate patients and their families about certain conditions. Contains 2500 English and 2500 Spanish documents that address patient condition, treatment, follow-up care, psychosocial issues, continuing health, and the most frequently administered drugs.

CINAHL
The online version of Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature, CINAHL Complete covers nursing, allied health, biomedical and consumer health journals, publications of the American Nursing Association, and the National League for Nursing. It now includes the CINAHL Thesaurus and full text of over 1,300 important nursing and clinical journals as well as over 130 Evidence-based Care Sheets; nearly 170 Quick Lessons providing Overviews of Disease and Conditions; 170 Continuing Education Modules; and full text for 360 Research Instrument Records.

small yellow star.jpgGale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
GVRL is a collection of online reference books on a variety of topics including Business, History, Literature, Medicine, Social Science, Technology and many more.
individual entries from these resources can be printed and emailed.

Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition
This resource provides 600 scholarly full text journals focusing on many medical disciplines. Coverage of nursing and allied health is particularly strong. In addition, this database includes the Clinical Pharmacology database, providing access to up-to-date, concise and clinically relevant drug monographs for all U.S. prescription drugs, hard-to-find herbal and nutritional supplements, over-the-counter products and new drugs.

small yellow star.jpgMedlinePlus
MedlinePlus has extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other trusted sources on over 900 diseases and conditions. There are also lists of hospitals and physicians, a medical encyclopedia and a medical dictionary, health information in Spanish, extensive information on prescription and nonprescription drugs, health information from the media, and links to thousands of clinical trials.

small yellow star.jpgMICROMEDEX Healthcare Series
Provides full-text information supporting clinical care decisions including: drug monographs and evaluations, drug dosages and interactions, drug product identification, reproductive risks, toxicity management, alternative medicine/herbal preparations information, acute/emergency care guidelines, drug, disease and condition information for patients, laboratory test information, dosage calculators, nomograms, and references

Science Direct
**Be sure to select "Subscribed Journals" from the Source drop-down menu**
Indexing and full-text of 175 journals in science, chemistry, nursing, biology and other related disciplines.

ANYONE can put information on the Internet. As a health care provider, you must carefully select and evaluate health information before using it to treat patients or letting it influence how you perform your duties. Use the evaluating sources page to help you determine the credibility of Web sites. A great test is to ask yourself, "Would I want myself or someone that I care deeply about to be treated based on this information?" If the answer is "no," don't include the information in your academic projects either!

Associations & Organizations

CAAHEP: Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs

CoAEMSP: Committee on Accreditation of Educational Programs for the Emergency Medical Services Professions

Atlases, Dictionaries and Handbooks

MedTerms Medical Dictionary

Merriam-Webster Online
Includes medical dictionary, thesaurus, Spanish-English, unabridged, visual, and ESL

Merck Manual Consumer version

Merck Manual Professional Edition

Career & Resume Resources

COD's Career & College Information Collection (CCIC)
Located on the second floor of the Library (3rd floor of the SRC building), CCIC provides online and print information on educational opportunities, occupational choices and job-seeking skills. This multimedia collection can assist you in planning for your educational, career and employment goals. Resources cover writing resumes & cover letters, preparing for certification exams, preparing for job interviews, and occupational information (salaries/wages and job outlook)

Diagnostic Medical Test Resources

small yellow star.jpgLab Tests Online
Designed to help the patient or caregiver better understand that many clinical lab tests are part of routine care as well as diagnosis and treatment of conditions and diseases. The site is a collaboration of professional societies representing the lab community

Merck Manual: Common Medical Tests
Provides the normal test result ranges for blood tests as well as a chart of diagnostic procedures, body area tested and descriptions

General Medical Information Websites

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
CDC.gov provides users with credible, reliable health information on topics such as: data and statistics; diseases and conditions; emergencies and disasters; environmental health; healthy living; injury, violence and safety; life stages and populations; travelers' health; workplace safety and health; and much more. This site contains information appropriate for adults, teens and kids

small yellow star.jpgMEDLINEplus
Provides access to 900+ health topics, medical encyclopedias and dictionaries, and links to self-help groups, clinical trials, preformulated PubMed searches, lists of hospitals and physicians, health and information in Spanish and other languages. Includes listings of diseases & conditions by body system.

small yellow star.jpgMedScape Reference
An online clinical reference providing in-depth drug & disease information and tools to support clinical decision making. Content is designed for practicing medical professionals and includes diagnostic medical images. Free Registration to MedScape is required. To avoid registering and go straight to an entry in this resource, try Googling the word emedicine and your disease/condition (i.e. emedicine pertussis).

Useful EMT/Paramedic Websites

The following websites have been recommended by faculty and the health science librarian as useful for student assignments and professional practice.

C.R.I.S. Community Resource Information System [DuPage County]
A fast and easy way to obtain basic information on social service programs throughout DuPage County [Mozilla Firefox browser is recommended, Internet Explorer may not display correctly]

DuPage County Health Department
Promotes physical and emotional health; prevents illness and disability; protects health from environmental risk factors; and strives to assure the provision of accessible, quality services. Web site topics include: asthma, depression, bioterrorism, consumer services, dental services, DuPage safe food site, environmental health services, mental health services and men's and women's health sites

Emergency Medical Services
Health topic page from MedlinePlus.gov

Emergency Medical Treatment & Labor Act (EMTALA)
In 1986, Congress enacted the Emergency Medical Treatment & Labor Act (EMTALA) to ensure public access to emergency services regardless of ability to pay. Section 1867 of the Social Security Act imposes specific obligations on Medicare-participating hospitals that offer emergency services to provide a medical screening examination (MSE) when a request is made for examination or treatment for an emergency medical condition (EMC), including active labor, regardless of an individual's ability to pay. Hospitals are then required to provide stabilizing treatment for patients with EMCs. If a hospital is unable to stabilize a patient within its capability, or if the patient requests, an appropriate transfer should be implemented.

First Responders Training & Technical Assistance
From U.S. Homeland Security

JEMS (Journal of Emergency Medical Services)
JEMS seeks to improve patient care in the prehospital setting and promote positive change in EMS by delivering information and education from industry leaders, change makers and emerging voices. With a rich tradition of editorial excellence and an unparalleled consortium of subject matter experts and state-of-the-science content, JEMS fulfills its commitment to EMS providers, instructors and administrators through all media channels including online and print.

MedicCast
The MedicCast is a podcast for EMT’s, Paramedics, and other medical professionals. The podcast covers news and commentary, tips and tricks, and much more.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
NHTSA's mission is to save lives, prevent injuries and reduce economic costs due to road traffic crashes, through education, research, safety standards and enforcement activity.

National Pesticide Information Center
NPIC provides objective, science-based information about pesticides and pesticide-related topics to enable people to make informed decisions. NPIC is a cooperative agreement between Oregon State University and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Office of Hazardous Materials Safety
PHMSA’s Office of Hazardous Materials Safety carries out a national safety program, including security matters, to protect against the risks to life and property inherent in the transportation of hazardous materials in commerce by all transportation modes.

Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
OSHA creates and enforces workplace safety standards.

Paramedic TV
The first online video community for Paramedical Personnel and Emergency Medical Service departments nationwide, ParamedicTV.com offers members of the fire and rescue community a full-featured, interactive environment to view and upload an unlimited number of industry-focused videos. Similar to EMS1.com, ParamedicTV features sections focused on key Emergency Medical Service topics, video tips and training segments, as well as a growing product demo/virtual trade show video section.

Citing Sources

Whether you are giving an oral presentation or completing a written assignment, it is very important that you give credit where credit is due (cite your sources).

Follow this link for citation tips and resources

Eye Care Websites

16_eyecareassistantlg.jpg ANYONE can put information on the Internet. As a health care provider, you must carefully select and evaluate health information before using it to treat patients or letting it influence how you perform your duties. Use the evaluating sources section to help you determine the credibility of Web sites. A great test is to ask yourself, "Would I want myself or someone that I care deeply about to be treated based on this information?" If the answer is "no," don't include the information in your academic projects either!

Associations & Organizations

American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)
The American Academy of Ophthalmology is the world’s largest association of eye physicians and surgeons. A global community of 32,000 medical doctors, we protect sight and empower lives by setting the standards for ophthalmic education and advocating for our patients and the public

Association of Technical Personnel in Ophthalmology (ATPO)
ATPO's Mission is to provide, expand, and support scientific and educational opportunities for allied health personnel in ophthalmology, and to act as an advocate for its members and the profession

Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (JCAHPO)
The Joint Commission on Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (JCAHPO) was established as a not-for-profit organization in 1969 to offer certification and continuing education opportunities to ophthalmic allied health personnel

Abbreviations, Atlases, Dictionaries and Handbooks

Medical Abbreviations
A-Z list from Taber's Medical Dictionary

MedTerms Medical Dictionary
Includes abbreviations

Merriam-Webster Online
Includes medical dictionary, thesaurus, Spanish-English, unabridged, visual, and ESL

Merck Manual Consumer version

Merck Manual Professional Edition (Index)

Career & Resume Resources

COD's Career & College Information Collection (CCIC)
Located on the second floor of the Library (3rd floor of the SRC building), CCIC provides online and print information on educational opportunities, occupational choices and job-seeking skills. This multimedia collection can assist you in planning for your educational, career and employment goals. Resources cover writing resumes & cover letters, preparing for certification exams, preparing for job interviews, and occupational information (salaries/wages and job outlook)

Diagnostic Medical Test Resources

small yellow star.jpgLab Tests Online
Designed to help the patient or caregiver better understand that many clinical lab tests are part of routine care as well as diagnosis and treatment of conditions and diseases. The site is a collaboration of professional societies representing the lab community

Merck Manual: Common Medical Tests
Provides the normal test result ranges for blood tests as well as a chart of diagnostic procedures, body area tested and descriptions

Electronic Drug & Pharmacy Resources

MICROMEDEX Healthcare Series
Provides full-text information supporting clinical care decisions including: drug monographs and evaluations, drug dosages and interactions, drug product identification, reproductive risks, toxicity management, alternative medicine/herbal preparations information, acute/emergency care guidelines, drug, disease and condition information for patients, laboratory test information, dosage calculators, nomograms, and references

DailyMed
Maintained by the National Library of Medicine, this site provides high quality drug information including FDA approved labels (package inserts). It is designed to supply health information providers and the public with a standard, comprehensive, up-to-date, look-up and download resource of medication content and labeling as found in medication package inserts

Drugs.com
A drug information database for consumers and medical professionals, providing information about prescription and over-the-counter medications, treatment notes for specific diseases and conditions, and topical articles and news related to pharmaceuticals

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine
Information on thousands of prescription and over-the-counter medications provided through two drug resources -- MedMaster, a product of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), and the USP DI Advice for the Patient, a product of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP)

RxList - The Internet Drug Index
Contains a database of approximately 5,000 product names that is updated regularly including professional monographs derived from FDA approved labeling and patient-oriented monographs

SafeMedication.com
Easy-to-read information on more than 800 drugs sponsored by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)

Eye Images

Atlas of Ophthalmology
A public online database, free of charge, edited by specialists in the field

General Medical Information Websites

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
CDC.gov provides users with credible, reliable health information on topics such as: data and statistics; diseases and conditions; emergencies and disasters; environmental health; healthy living; injury, violence and safety; life stages and populations; travelers' health; workplace safety and health; and much more. This site contains information appropriate for adults, teens and kids

small yellow star.jpgMEDLINEplus
Provides access to 900+ health topics, medical encyclopedias and dictionaries, and links to self-help groups, clinical trials, preformulated PubMed searches, lists of hospitals and physicians, health and information in Spanish and other languages. Includes listings of diseases & conditions by body system.

small yellow star.jpgMedScape Reference
An online clinical reference providing in-depth drug & disease information and tools to support clinical decision making. Content is designed for practicing medical professionals and includes diagnostic medical images. Free Registration to MedScape is required. To go straight to an entry in this resource, try Googling the word emedicine and your disease/condition (i.e. emedicine pertussis).

Useful Eye Care Assistant Websites

The following websites have been recommended by faculty and the health science librarian as useful for student assignments and professional practice.

American Academy of Ophthalmology: EyeSmart (Information for Patients and the Public)
EyeSmart educates the public about the importance of eye health and empowers them to preserve healthy vision. Through EyeSmart, AAO provides the most trusted and medically accurate information about eye diseases, conditions and injuries. AAO urges everyone to know their risk factors for these health concerns and to understand how ophthalmologists protect sight and empower lives

American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
The organization's goals are to advance the quality of children's eye care, support the training of pediatric ophthalmologists, support research activities in pediatric ophthalmology, and advance the care of adults with strabismus

CDC: Common Eye Disorders
The leading causes of blindness and low vision in the United States are explored

C.R.I.S. Community Resource Information System [DuPage County]
A fast and easy way to obtain basic information on social service programs throughout DuPage County [Mozilla Firefox browser is recommended, Internet Explorer may not display correctly]

DuPage County Health Department
Promotes physical and emotional health; prevents illness and disability; protects health from environmental risk factors; and strives to assure the provision of accessible, quality services. Web site topics include: asthma, depression, bioterrorism, consumer services, dental services, DuPage safe food site, environmental health services, mental health services and men's and women's health sites

Eye Resources on the Internet
This site containing an extensive list of Internet eye sites was compiled on behalf of the Association of Vision Science Librarians and is maintained by Trish Duffel at the University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences.

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)
An independent, not-for-profit organization, The Joint Commission accredits and certifies more than 20,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States. Joint Commission accreditation and certification is recognized nationwide as a symbol of quality that reflects an organization’s commitment to meeting certain performance standards.

MedlinePlus: Health Topics: Eyes and Vision
An extensive list of eye and vision related health topics compiled by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Library of Medicine (NLM)

National Eye Institute (NEI)
Dedicated to vision research that saves sight & reduces visual impairment & blindness

Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
OSHA creates and enforces workplace safety standards.

Spectrios Institute for Low Vision
Spectrios Institute for Low Vision, formerly Deicke Center for Visual Rehabilitation, helps individuals *regardless of income* with vision loss (from macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and other conditions) lead full and productive lives via vision aiding devices and the latest technologies designed to maximize vision

Talking Book and Braille Service (TBBS) -- Illinois State Library
The Talking Book and Braille Service (TBBS) provides audio and braille library service via mail or digital download to any Illinois resident who is unable to read standard print material due to a permanent or temporary visual or physical disability. As the Regional Library, TBBS acts as the liaison to the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) and circulates books to all residents enrolled in the Talking Book and Braille Service.

United States Department of Health & Human Services
The United States government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.

Wheaton Lions Club
The Wheaton Lions Club helps the visual and hearing impaired in a variety of ways.

Eye Care Journals

optometrist.png

Locating Journal Articles

The Library provides access to many online article databases that will help you locate journal, magazine, and newspaper articles. You can search by keyword, subject, author and title.

Databases are organized collections of information that you can search by a variety of fields, like title, author's name, subject or keyword. iTunes is a database and so is Amazon. The Library has databases of articles from newspapers, magazines and journals. We also have databases of streaming videos, music and e-books. The difference between our databases and iTunes or Amazon is that our databases are free for you to use. You can browse the library's databases here: Article Databases by Subject

COD MyAccess credentials to access the electronic indexes and databases from off-campus.

Newspaper Databases
Includes Chicago Tribune, New York Times, Christian Science Monitor, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal and more

Databases by Subject
Choose a database according to your subject of interest.

  • Begin your research in the Health and Medicine Databases
    What databases contain the best eye care-related journals?
    • Each database contains different resources (journals, e-books, magazines, newspapers, pamphlets, etc.)--Run your search in several databases. Read the database descriptions to locate databases most relevant to your search.
    • Pay attention to online journal article embargos
    • Some journals are ONLY available in print—the Library has photocopiers and flatbed scanners

    "Best Bet" Health Databases

    Academic Search Complete
    Academic Search Complete contains indexing and full text for 9,100 journals. 7,100 of these journals are peer-reviewed scholarly titles. This collection provides both popular and scholarly journal coverage for nearly all academic areas of study - including social sciences, humanities, education, computer sciences, engineering, physics, chemistry, language and linguistics, arts & literature, medical sciences and ethnic studies.

    small yellow star.jpgCare Notes
    Care Notes helps medical professionals educate patients and their families about certain conditions. Contains 2500 English and 2500 Spanish documents that address patient condition, treatment, follow-up care, psychosocial issues, continuing health, and the most frequently administered drugs.

    CINAHL Complete
    The online version of Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature, CINAHL Complete covers nursing, allied health, biomedical and consumer health journals, publications of the American Nursing Association, and the National League for Nursing. It now includes the CINAHL Thesaurus and full text of over 1,300 important nursing and clinical journals as well as over 130 Evidence-based Care Sheets; nearly 170 Quick Lessons providing Overviews of Disease and Conditions; 170 Continuing Education Modules; and full text for 360 Research Instrument Records.

    small yellow star.jpgGale Gale eBooks
    Gale eBooks (formerly called GVRL) is a collection of online reference books on a variety of topics including Business, History, Literature, Medicine, Social Science, Technology and many more.
    individual entries from these resources can be printed and emailed.

    small yellow star.jpgHealth Source: Consumer Edition
    This resource provides access to nearly 300 full text, consumer health periodicals. This database also includes searchable full text for more than 1,000 health-related pamphlets and more than 140 health reference books. Also contains 7,000 Clinical Reference Systems reports (in English and Spanish); Clinical Pharmacology, which provides access to 1,100 drug monograph entries and 2,700 patient education fact sheets; and Stedman’s Medical Dictionary. This database covers topics such as AIDS, cancer, diabetes, drugs & alcohol, aging, fitness, nutrition & dietetics, children’s health, women’s health, etc. The magazine and journal articles in this database range from "popular" or recreational reading to scholarly, peer-reviewed publications.

    Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition
    This resource provides 600 scholarly full text journals focusing on many medical disciplines. Coverage of nursing and allied health is particularly strong. In addition, this database includes the Clinical Pharmacology database, providing access to up-to-date, concise and clinically relevant drug monographs for all U.S. prescription drugs, hard-to-find herbal and nutritional supplements, over-the-counter products and new drugs.

    MedlinePlus
    MedlinePlus has extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other trusted sources on over 900 diseases and conditions. There are also lists of hospitals and physicians, a medical encyclopedia and a medical dictionary, health information in Spanish, extensive information on prescription and nonprescription drugs, health information from the media, and links to thousands of clinical trials.

    small yellow star.jpgMICROMEDEX Healthcare Series
    Provides full-text information supporting clinical care decisions including: drug monographs and evaluations, drug dosages and interactions, drug product identification, reproductive risks, toxicity management, alternative medicine/herbal preparations information, acute/emergency care guidelines, drug, disease and condition information for patients, laboratory test information, dosage calculators, nomograms, and references

    Science Direct
    **Be sure to select "Subscribed Journals" from the Source drop-down menu**
    Indexing and full-text of 175 journals in science, chemistry, nursing, biology and other related disciplines.

    Browse all COD Library Health and Medicine databases

    Database (and Library catalog) Advanced Search Tips

    • Use the features of the database (print, navigation) before using your browser's back or print buttons
    • For keyword searching, use the advanced search feature so that you can use multiple terms and set limits (date range, peer-reviewed, full text, etc)
    • Remember that databases require you to spell correctly
    • To limit your search results to journals with editorial boards (or some type of review process by health professionals) look under the “limit” section of the initial search page. Select the option to limit to peer reviewed (some databases also call them refereed publications). Refereed publications and peer reviewed are synonyms for board-reviewed or scholarly journals. Don’t forget to set your date limits too!
    • When creating your search strategy, take a moment to write down your key words and any synonyms (alternative words meaning the same thing) that might be used. Also think about how you connect your key words together.
      • Connect different concepts with the word AND indicating that you want both concepts to appear in each retrieved article.
      • Connect variations (different words could be used for the same thing) with OR indicating that at least one variation should occur in the articles retrieved.
      • Put parentheses around actions that you want to be done first (just like you may have done in an algebra class).
      • Here are some examples of synonyms and “nesting” (using parentheses):
      • (aged OR geriatric OR old* OR elderly)
      • (medicare OR medicaid)
      • Put the key concepts together like this example:
        (aged OR geriatric OR old* OR elderly) AND (medicare OR medicaid)
    • capitalize connecting words (AND, OR) to let the database know that you are giving a command not just listing a word to be found
    • Use an asterisk (*) to find all possible endings. For example, old* finds old or older

Sleep—When You Don’t Snooze, You Lose!

thumb_sleep.jpgPopular culture teaches us that "if you snooze you lose," but research shows just the opposite—sleep is important! Learn why getting quality sleep is essential to health. Find out what happens when we get the right kind of sleep and what negative consequences, like loss of productivity, result from not getting enough rest. Review tips and tricks to improve sleep patterns.

Sleep: The Facts

How much sleep do you need?*star-161973_640.png

  • Infants: as much as 16 hours per day
  • 1-5 years: 10-14 hours per day
  • 6-12 years: 9-12 hours per day
  • 13-18 years: 8-10 hours per day
  • Adults: 7-9 hours per day

*Learn more at: https://www.cdc.gov/sleep/about_sleep/how_much_sleep.html

  • According to the CDC, "More than one-quarter of the U.S. population report occasionally not getting enough sleep, while nearly 10% experience chronic insomnia."
  • A MedlinePlus article reports "recent national surveys show that 30 % of U.S. adults sleep fewer than 7 hours a night. As many as 30 % of adults report daytime sleepiness....[and] 70 % of adolescents sleep less than the recommended 8-9 hours each night."
  • It is estimated that driver sleepiness is a factor in about 100,000 car accidents each year, resulting in about 1,500 deaths.
  • Lack of sleep plays a role in "on the job accidents" such as the Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor Meltdown and numerous plane and ship incidents.
  • "Little Sleep, BIG COST" Infographic ~American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Explore more sleep disorder myths/facts

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's "Your Guide to Healthy Sleep" (PDF available online) is designed for patients and provides a comprehensive review of important sleep-related information.

Benefits of Sleep

Sleeping the right amount of hours:sleep_benefits.jpg

  • Improves our ability to:
    • Learn
    • Focus
    • Remember
    • Problem solve
    • And be creative
  • Lowers blood pressure and allows our heart and blood vessels to rest
  • Helps certain hormones regulate:
    • Growth
    • The repair of cells and tissues
    • The immune system (to fight infection)
    • Blood sugar levels (which affect energy)
    • Appetite
  • Boosts our mood
  • Helps us better manage our emotions and behaviors (impulse control)

Why is Sleep Important? from NIH

Consequences of Sleep Deprivation

emoji-2009486_640.png
Symptoms of not getting enough sleep may include:

  • Sleepiness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Moodiness and/or emotional instability
  • Poor impulse control
  • Forgetfulness
  • Increased appetite
  • Accident prone
  • Reduced accuracy
  • Decreased productivity
Did you know...

  • After several nights of losing sleep—even a loss of just 1–2 hours per night—your ability to function suffers as if you haven't slept at all for a day or two.
  • Lack of sleep also may lead to microsleep. Microsleep refers to brief moments of sleep that occur when you're normally awake. ~NIH

Think about what vital information might be missed during a microsleep that occurs at work, while driving, in a classroom, on the telephone, in a healthcare setting, while operating machinery....

Learn more: Sleep, Performance, and Public Safety from Harvard Medical School's Sleep Medicine Department

In the U.S., sleep deprivation contributes to $50 billion dollars in lost productivity each year
See even more startling statistics at: Sleep Disorders & Insufficient Sleep: Improving Health through Research from the NIH

Insufficient sleep has been linked to these chronic diseases/conditions:

My Body, My Frenemy

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Our relationship with our bodies directly impacts our overall health and wellbeing.

How do YOU view your body?

Is it your friend?
A means to an end?
A “vehicle?”
An enemy or a rival?

This workshop illustrates how we can improve our health by reframing how we relate to our bodies.
Learn how to mindfully turn your body into your ally!

fren·e·my

/ˈfrenəmi/
noun: frenemy; plural noun: frenemies
definition: a person with whom one is friendly despite a fundamental dislike or rivalry.
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/frenemy

What is Health?

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

[Preamble to the Constitution of WHO as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, 19 June - 22 July 1946; signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States (Official Records of WHO, no. 2, p. 100) and entered into force on 7 April 1948. The definition has not been amended since 1948. See this link]

Our Thoughts Shape Reality

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What is your perception of life and the state of your body (your health)? Do you focus on fighting disease OR on creating health? Which point of view is "better" and why might that be?

What shapes and influences our perceptions of "health?" Answers to that vary but may include personal experience(s), family, friends, society, Institutions, national policies/rules, culture, media...

Our mindset can create either an adversarial or a cooperative/collaborative relationship with our bodies and minds.

Countless studies show that a positive attitude leads to a longer, healthier life.

Internal and External Factors that Support Health & Wellbeing

Internal Traits include being:

  • Enthusiastic
  • Hopeful
  • Engaged
  • Emotionally balanced
  • Resilient

External Factors include:

  • Education
  • Basic Needs Met (food, shelter, security)
  • Economic Stability
  • Strong Social Network (including emotional support)
  • Traditions (familial, cultural, religious)
  • What other internal or external factors do you think contribute to overall health & well being?

    Self-Efficacy

    "Self-efficacy is defined as people's beliefs in their capabilities to produce desired effects by their own actions," according to J. E. Maddux.

    Given this definition, why do you think self-efficacy is thought to play a large role in physical and psychological health?

    Recommended Reading

    How your attitudes affect your health. (2016). Harvard Women's Health Watch, 23(9), 1-7. Retrieved from Health Source: Consumer Edition database.

    Maddux, J. E. (2007). Self-Efficacy. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 814-817). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. Retrieved from Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL) database.

    The mystery of health: Salutogenesis. (2014). Mayo Clinic Health Letter, 32(1), 7. Retrieved from Health Source: Consumer Edition database.

Locate Articles from Citations

Locate an article from a citation

Prefer a visual (streaming video) example of finding articles from a citation? Check out our YouTube "Library Simple" video here!

Sample citation:
Bazar, M. (2012). Medicaid planning rules and strategies: A survey of states. Elder Law Report, 24(3), 1-5.

Select the Databases tab from the Library homepage http://cod.edu/library/
database_link.jpg

Select the Journal locator tab
In the “Find this Magazine or Journal” section, search for all or some of the Journal Title (do not abbreviate)
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The Journal Title, Database name(s) and holdings (years owned) will display if COD owns the Journal. If COD Library does not own a journal, submit your request using the ILL Request Forms
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Select the database link (You will be required to enter your last name and library barcode number from off campus)
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Select the year, publication number and issue (working from your citation) to retrieve full text articles in a specific journal issue
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Select the PDF full text icon located under the desired journal citation to retrieve the article (print, email and download options are available). Electronic journal articles may be available in PDF and/or HTML formats.

A notation that “this Journal is held locally” means that the physical (print) journal is available in the COD Library for duplication.

If one of these options does not appear below a citation, use the “Find This” button to see if the full text is available in another COD database or request the article via ILL Request Forms

Preparing for Hospital Stays & Procedures

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Whether they are unexpected or pre-arranged, planning for a hospital stay (inpatient) or day surgery (outpatient) procedure can be stressful and worrisome. Here are some practical articles on how to navigate planned and unexpected visits to hospitals, ERs or day-surgery (outpatient) facilities.

"Keep Cool" using the ICE technique!

Create ICE (In Case of Emergency) contacts & documents IN ADVANCE

  • Current medication list, medical conditions/medical history, insurance & healthcare provider contact information--print, electronic, flash drive
  • Emergency contacts (e.g. print or electronic document or programmed into cell phone)
  • Also includes medical alert jewelry, wallet cards, etc.
  • Create Living Will, Power of Attorney for Health Care, and/or "5 Wishes" documents and share with providers, facilities, friends/family
  • HINT: Bring MULTIPLE copies!

Use the "Buddy System"

Don't try to navigate the healthcare system alone. Have a trusted partner, friend, relative or professional service provider accompany you for support and advocacy!

  • Buddies provide stress relief and companionship
  • Buddies can serve as another "set of eyes and ears," advocates, questioners, representatives of your wishes, communicators (to family/friends and health professionals)
  • Many procedures, surgeries, facilities will REQUIRE patients to be accompanied by an adult that can drive or escort patients home and be present during a procedure in case of emergency

Know Your W5H1s!

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  • Check with insurance & healthcare providers, hospitals & outpatient facilities to find out the Who, What, When, Where, Why & How (W5H1)
  • If you are not clear about any aspect of the process, ASK and continue asking until you've been given an answer
  • Don't be rude--be empowered and understand your role and responsibilities in the process
  • Rely on your advocate (buddy or buddies) to ask on your behalf if you cannot!
  • Buddies, it is YOUR job to look out for your patient--little things mean a LOT!
Patients are responsible for:
  • Providing proof of insurance and understanding plan coverage
  • Providing a comprehensive list of medications (including prescription, over the counter, herbs & supplements)
  • Following directions regarding eating and drinking prior to any procedure or surgery
  • Asking about and following directions regarding taking (or refraining from taking) medications prior to procedures or surgery
  • Notifying health professionals if you come down with a fever, cold or any other illness prior to a scheduled procedure
  • Asking questions when unclear about any step in the process
  • Understanding diseases/conditions and treatment options (medications, procedures)

Waiting Room Tips

Find a Doctor, Dentist or Medical Facility

thumb_question.JPGDo you need to find a new general practitioner (GP) or specialist? Have you been given a choice of medical facilities where a procedure or surgery can occur? Do you need help making an informed decision? Using the tips and resources on this guide, locate credible information on health care providers and health care facilities. Be proactive and make the best decision for YOU! There are both qualitative and quantitative factors that go into selecting healthcare providers and facilities.

Ask yourself...

Do you spend more time researching a "big ticket" purchase (car, vacation package, household appliance) than you do a health care provider or medical facility?

Can you answer these questions...

When you receive a referral to a medical facility or health care provider, what major factors contribute to the referral? Are your best interests the top priority, or is a referral based on factors that have nothing to do with you or your needs?

Before making your decision, did you consider*...
  • Insurance
  • Location
  • Accessibility (physical access, hours of operation, scheduling, after-hours support)
  • Communication style (of individuals, "office" and/or facility)
  • Health care provider or facility accreditation
  • Health care provider or facility affiliations
  • Experience (service, disease/condition, surgery)
  • History (quantitative and/or qualitative)
  • Whether religion, gender or specialization matters
  • Whether or not the provider is familiar with alternative treatment methods and open to using them
  • Specific patient preferences & needs
    • "My son is only 6, does it matter if his health care provider is experienced with kids or has a pediatric specialty?"

*Considerations are in no particular order*

Making the "right choice" requires collaboration and communication between health care providers and patients

Recommended Reading

How to Find the Right Doctor from US News & World Report's Health & Wellness Section

Choosing a Doctor or Health Care Service topic page from MedlinePlus

Why being able to talk to your doctor matters
from the National Institute on Aging

Health Facilities topic page from MedlinePlus

How to Choose the Best Hospital for Surgery from the MedlinePlus Encyclopedia

Find a Doctor

American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS)
The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) is an organization of 24 approved medical specialty boards. The intent of the certification of physicians is to provide assurance to the public that those certified by an ABMS Member Board have successfully completed an approved training program and an evaluation process assessing their ability to provide quality patient care in the specialty. Free registration required to receive search results

AMA Physician Select: Online Doctor Finder
The American Medical Association Physician Select database provides basic professional information on virtually every licensed physician in the United States and its possessions, including more than 690,000 doctors of medicine (MD) and doctors of osteopathy or osteopathic medicine (DO)

Chicago's "Top Doctors"

Chicago magazine's biennial list of outstanding metro-area doctors is published in the January edition. The latest ranking, from 2020, includes 356 Doctors in 60+ specialties (including sub-specialties). The online list can be searched by specialty. Click here for the online edition or visit the COD Library to view the print edition.

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine Directories
Arranges directory links into categories including physicians, specialists, hospitals, services, and facilities

Physician Profile Search: Illinois Department of Financial & Professional Regulation
Search by Physician name to access information profiles on all physicians currently licensed in the State of Illinois. Includes license information, disciplinary and legal actions, primary office locations, hospital affiliations, board certifications, medical school and post graduate education and more

WebMD Physician Directory
Search for a physician by name, medical specialty, distance from your home, HMO plan, hospital affiliation, or other criteria

Find a Dentist

Chicagoland Dental Profiles

Nominations from more than 1,300 Chicago-area dentists contributed to the 2016 Chicagoland Dental Profiles. Here is the list of the 270 chosen dentists in eight specialties. Click here for the online edition or visit the COD Library to view the print edition.

Find an Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) Dentist
Use their online search tool to get references for general dentists within a specific geographic area. Or call the AGD’s consumer referral line, 1.877.2X.A.YEAR, to connect with three AGD member dentists. Provides tips and suggestions on how to select a Dentist.

Mouth Healthy
From the ADA (American Dental Association), use the simple or advanced search options to find a member Dentist near you

How to Choose a Dentist (in 4 easy steps)
From the American Dental Association

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Use their search tool to find a pediatric dentist near you

Illinois Department of Financial & Professional Regulation Licenses Dental Professionals
Check a Dentist or Dental Hygienists Licensure

Find a Health Care Facility

America's Best Hospitals
U.S. News and World Report ranks the top medical centers

Hospital Compare: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Find out how well hospitals across the U.S. compare in the care of adult patients with certain medical conditions. It includes a hospital checklist for consumers.

Locate a Hospice
From the Hospice Foundation of America

Illinois Hospital Association
The IHA's consumer information section includes links to: find a hospital (alphabetically or by city), advance directives, the Illinois Poison Center, Illinois KidCare, and organ donation updates and links

Illinois Hospital Report Card
Access information about the volume, cost and quality of health care provided in Illinois medical facilities

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine Directories
Arranges directory links into categories including physicians, specialists, hospitals, services, and facilities

Find Complimentary, Alternative, or Integrative Providers

Complementary, Alternative, or Integrative Health: What’s In a Name?
This fact sheet explains the difference between the terms and the role that the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) plays in investigating (researching) the usefulness and safety of complementary and integrative health interventions and their roles in improving health and health care.

MedlinePlus Health Topic: Complementary and Integrative Medicine

American Association of Integrative Medicine: Find a Provider
Search by specialty and State

American Board of Integrative Holistic Medicine: Find a Physician
Search by State, zipcode, and/or specialty

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) is the Federal Government's lead agency for scientific research on the diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine

National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
Search via the "Find a Practitioner" and "Registry" options

Stress, Humor & the Workplace

laughter.jpgCountless health research studies and documented medical cases show the negative effects of stress on health and wellbeing. Stressful situations in our workplaces are unavoidable. If we cannot control or stop the causes of stress, we can find positive, constructive methods to maintain our health and wellbeing. Humor relieves stress and helps us be positive, productive and effective.

Join this workshop to learn how humor can reduce stress and create a more positive work environment!

Negative Health Effects of Stress

Stress is caused by any event or occurrence (ongoing or isolated) that threatens an individual's coping strategies or resources.

Common physical manifestations of stress: zebra_stress.jpg

  • disrupted sleep
  • indigestion, stomach ache
  • chest pains, high blood pressure
  • fatigue
  • back or neck pain, headaches

.
Common psychological manifestations of stress:

  • anxiety
  • frustration
  • thumb_work_stress.jpg

  • irritability
  • depression
  • burnout

Positive Benefits of Laughter and Humor

A good "sense" of humor and laughter can trigger both short and long-term health benefits, increasing overall wellbeing. thumb_ban_stress.jpg

“With the fearful strain that is on me night and day,
if I did not laugh, I should die.” ~ Abraham Lincoln, 1865

Immediate Benefits of Humor and Laughter:

  • Increases respiration, heart rate, muscular activity
  • giggle_hoot.jpg

  • Triggers increased oxygenation & circulation
  • Releases endorphins in the brain
  • Eases tension, makes one feel more "relaxed"

Long-Term Benefits of Humor and Laughter

  • Boosts immune system--positive thoughts release neuropeptides (fight stress)
  • Relieves pain--reduces tension, prevents muscle spasms, releases body's natural pain killers
  • Improves mood--hard to "dwell in darkness" when you're smiling and laughing!
  • Strengthens your relationships with others--people are attracted to happy, fun, positive people

"Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and you weep alone." ~Ella Wheeler Wilcox

Remember to "Lighten Up"

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  • Mixing humor into the workplace is a social skill.
  • Consider timing, audience, and intent. Be prepared to follow-up whether you "fly" or "fail"
  • Never use humor to gain power, bully, or tear-down
  • People appreciate positive, "bonding" humor over aggressive humor
  • Humor should bring people together or smooth the way during disagreement
  • Constructive criticism is delivered better with a smile than a frown
  • Don't take yourself too seriously....humor can keep you afloat!
  • Collaboration and cooperation are strengthened by shared humor and laughter

Recommended Reading

The best medicine?. (2015). Mayo Clinic Health Letter, 33(7), 7. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.

Cann, A., & Kuiper, N. A. (2014). Research on the role of humor in well-being and health. Europe's Journal Of Psychology, 10(3), 412-428. doi:10.5964/ejop.v10i3.818

Frey, R. J., & Davidson, T. (2015). Stress. In J. L. Longe (Ed.), Gale encyclopedia of medicine (5th ed., Vol. 7, pp. 4822-4825). Retrieved from GVRL Database.

Hartwell-Walker, M. (2016). Laughter Is Serious Business!. Psych Central. Retrieved on February 6, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/lib/laughter-is-serious-business/

Romero, E.J., & Cruthirds, K.W. (2006). The use of humor in the workplace. The Academy of Management Perspectives 20(2), 58-69. retrieved from http://www.emotionsnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/RomeroCruthirds2006.pdf

Shellenbarger, S. (2013, August 14). Comedic gold or clunker? Secrets of effective office humor. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from Proquest database.

Stress relief from laughter? It's no joke. (2013, July 13). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved September 13, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/stress-relief/art-20044456

Thompson, K. (2013). Funny Business at Work. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 93(3), 25. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.

Evidence-Based Resources

thumb_HP-health-information-technology.jpgEvidence-Based (EB) resources show students why they are told to do things a specific way and help them understand that current practices are not based on whim or preference, but rather on a solid foundation of carefully conducted clinical research. For students, EB resources bridge the “gap” between the medical literature (be it textbooks, journal articles, or other didactic information) and the specific procedures and protocols that students must follow in a clinical setting. For practicing health professionals, EB resources support existing practices and protocols and/or provide relevant clinical data necessary to justify the implementation of new procedures.

CINAHL

CINAHL_EB.jpgThe CINAHL database contains "Evidence-Based Care Sheets" and "Quick Lessons" (both accessed via the blue bar links at the top of the CINAHL page).

EB Websites

Credible Evidence-Based Web Sites are listed in the "Recommended Nursing Websites" portion of the “Websites” Section of COD Library's Nursing Resource Guide.

Click to learn about more credible Open Access EB resources

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