Debra's APA Citation Tips
You are responsible for learning and using the APA style guidelines when formatting your paper and citing your resources. There are many resources available to assist you with APA, so be proactive and seek the help that best fits your needs.
- The site includes computer basics and software tutorials on Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access and OpenOffice.org as well as social media
- Tutorials on most versions of Office are available (2003, 2007, 2010 and 2013)
- This site is so well organized and indexed that you will be able to quickly access step-by-step directions, screen shots and in some cases, short video-clips of how to perform various software functions
- Remember that basic formatting questions can be answered by the Library’s Computer Support Print Services staff as well as Reference staff
Think about APA style requirements and gather citation information while you research instead of trying to figure everything out at the end of your writing process. A large amount of student stress arises from having to back track and relocate images and resources in order to acquire citation details. I recommend that you do one or more of the following:
- Familiarize yourself with the examples and helpful links found on the COD Library Citing Sources page: http://www.cod.edu/library/research/citenet.htm
- It contains examples of how to cite images
- It links to annotated bibliography assistance (your instructor may or may not require an annotated bibliography as a part of your assignments)
- If required, annotated bibliographies should be double-spaced
- Content of annotations varies dependent upon assignment and instructor preference. For example, many COD instructors require that in 3-5 sentences you explain two things in your annotated bibliography: 1.) the reasons why you think the source is credible (see the evaluating sources section of this guide) and 2.) how this resource fits into your final project (ie. it has has overview information, it provides treatment options, etc). APA does not specify the content of annotations so be sure to check with your instructor about what should be included.
- The formatting of annotations can vary. Some guides suggest that annotations should be block indented five spaces, other guides recommend indenting five spaces plus two (for a total of seven spaces). NoodleBib annotations use the seven space block indent format. Check with your instructor for preferred formatting.
Online Writing Lab (OWL) from Purdue University
- Explains general APA format requirements (margins, headers, spacing, font, paragraph indentation, sections, etc.)
- Provides written explanations and visual examples of in-text and reference citations
- includes a sample APA paper
- Little Brown Handbook
- Ready Reference, General: PE1112 .L58 2010
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6TH ed.)
- General & Reference: BF76.7 .P83 2010
- Make an appointment with the COD Writing Assistance Area. For hours, locations and times go to: http://www.cod.edu/academics/learning_commons/writing/index.aspx
- Utilize the citation tool, NoodleBib (linked from the COD Library Citing Sources page). NoodleBib (now called NoodleTools) provides integrated online tools for note-taking, outlining, citation, document archiving/annotation, and collaborative research and writing.